在“假新闻”时代，匿名或模棱两可的作者身份在任何领域都是可疑的。现在比以往任何时候都重要，我想知道是谁创造了我消费的内容，无论是一篇新闻文章，a public speech,an 金博宝188appexhibition,或者别的什么。In the world of museums,在我担任馆长的地方，我经常看到缺乏适当的信誉，it is time to properly recognize the deeply collaborative intellectual labor that underpins so much of what we do.
One of the first things that I do when I visit an 金博宝188appexhibition is read the introductory wall text to understand the intellectual foundations of the work on view.I look for the same in 金博宝188appexhibition catalogues.我想在任何评论中看到作者的明确轮廓，too.(It frustrates me when authorship is not apparent — I devour acknowledgements and bios in almost any book I read.如果这种趋势还不明显，grad school ingrained it — knowing background is crucial to comprehending any reading.)
So when I see that a纽约时报review has omitted the names of an excellent 金博宝188appexhibition's key curatorial members (who happened to be my office mates for several years) — and when at least one of those junior members is clearly mentioned in the exhibition press release but I don't see their name in the review — I feel the same gut punch any of us might if one's intellectual labor were to go unmentioned in a very public forum.
I felt the same when I read a recent (and rightly) praisefularticleon the work of another senior curator (who is,全面披露，我的一位受人尊敬的同事，which lauded the innovative 金博宝188appexhibition roster produced under this curator's leadership,然而，没有任何一个（大多数女性）同事的名字，发挥关键的共同作者的作用。
This happens all the time in newspaper reviews (here'sanother recent example,对伦敦一个大型展览的联合策展人的评价是不可信的。金博宝188app
I know anecdotally — because I polled peers when writing this article — that this failure to give credit where credit's due plays out again and again.A few people told me stories of how they worked up the courage to ask their seniors to be credited for intellectual work they had shouldered at least half of — and sometimes much more;一个人告诉我，他们是如何在一家报纸上提出更正的，因为他们在制作展上的合作多年没有得到承认。金博宝188app但大多数同龄人都说他们只是听其自然，在博物馆内外发现权力的不对称关系是很难挑战的，如果不把自己置身于一个非常不舒服的地方。I have been there,too,不止一次。
我认识很多馆长，公关人员，journalists,and other hands through which such decisions pass,and I know these are wonderful,thoughtful,good people.我知道他们中没有一个是故意弄混的。I also know in several cases that museum press departments have pushed for correct crediting and been rebuffed.给什么?
We can all do a bit better.Include junior names,journalists,whenever possible.即使是双管连字符也不一定会破坏你的字数限制，承认合作和合作不仅是慷慨的，而且是历史和事实上准确的，which is a minimum standard for serious writing.(Curatorial teams are usually five people or less;当它们变大时，it becomes more forgivable to abbreviate and suggest "X and her team.") And internal museum colleagues — let's make not only a pact but also proper guidelines to ensure recognition of intellectual labor,especially if it comes from below us,especially if it's a precariously paid intern or fellow.较低的头衔或薪级并不意味着较低的智力或贡献。把它举起来。如果听起来像是吹毛求疵，perhaps it is.But when you're the nit,it matters.
Apart from offering readers and visitors context at the micro level of their own consumption,作者身份的正确归属也是一个更大的历史记录问题。Knowing who has created work (and,indeed,对于不知道博物馆里的智力劳动的外部观众来说，这通常是一个团队的努力）对于理解历史和文化是如何产生的至关重要。Failure to credit — whether deliberate or absent-minded — is a material alteration to this record.
每次我看到这些抹去的东西，都让我感到讽刺的是，在视觉文化的经典中，重新考虑和恢复这些省略的工作，正是今天发生的一些最引人注目的当代学术成果的跳板（以及无数的维基编辑方法）。Whether text,金博宝188appexhibition,否则，the important art historical work that reinstates and celebrates artists and designers who have not been correctly recognized for their contributions — so often women,有色人种，the differently-abled — is compromised if we don't properly recognize the labor that created the 金博宝188appexhibition or book,too.(The same analogy applies to the institutional treatment of art workers across the museum — you simply cannot have politically righteous conversations in the galleries and simultaneously threaten behind-the-scenes staff members' basic rights tohealthcare或the right to a family life.Or you can try to,but the resulting hypocrisy invalidates the very public institutional work you're doing,破坏你可能持有的任何信任和尊重的立场。）
So let me say it clearly: if someone provides intellectual labor in service of a project of any kind,应使用与其领域相适应的机制适当地将其记入贷方，indeed,the same mechanisms—from mention in the review to written credit wherever it appears—that anyone else who has similarly contributed to the project is receiving.It doesn't need to interrupt hierarchy (expertise and time spent in the field matters!),but I think the rule is fairly simple: if your mind helps write or create something,上面应该有你的名字。Anything else is altering authorship.In the academy,it's called plagiarism.
We all need not only to call out this behavior between friends,但当事情发生时，要在公共场合礼貌而坚定地发言。This is,in the words of artist and academic Luiza Prado,超越政治承认（Facebook帖子，精心制作的Insta图片）以一种行动的政治。
My politics of action is to write this post.但也要在我参与的项目中实现这一点。To claim the right for my intellectual labor to be acknowledged,to always remember to credit accurately and wholly,and to be quick to make amends if I err (we are all human,it happens).However,you'll notice that I've not referred to anyone by name在这里.The point here is not name-calling or blame,but to come together around the same principles we all support when we consider canons and records and practices of art.The history and practice of our own work deserves as much careful thought too.
我所遇到过的最令人满意的展览信用的例子之一是金博宝188appActivist New York在纽约市博物馆，where — in place of the expected solo or dual curator mention — everyone who worked on the 金博宝188appexhibition had their names silkscreened onto the intro wall.This is my ideal.
我很幸运在这方面有很好的榜样。今天，I am extremely grateful to work for a mentor who consistently lives these principles of crediting,分享，以及我渴望效仿的奖学金。During the four years I worked at the Museum of Modern Art,my direct mentor and supervisor never got up on stage without thanking by name (firstand最后）她与各部门合作的人员，包括我在内。(In the words of a development colleague,she was a "class act").这激励她的团队努力工作，赢得信任，to meet the challenge of her intellectual fierceness with as much as we could muster of our own.And in doing so,毫无疑问，这本书的书脊上写着智慧的作品，on the 金博宝188appexhibition wall,on the article byline.在上次的展览中，我们一起金博宝188app做的，我们承认每一只手placards throughout the show.I can't imagine undertaking another 金博宝188appexhibition like this again without doing the same.
Thank you to everyone who spoke to me and provided thoughtful feedback as I researched this article;you remain nameless only because of the sensitivities of the topic at hand.