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The Penn Museum at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia (Windell Oskay/Flickr)

Just over宾馆博物馆后一周apologized for hosting the stolenskulls of enslaved peoplein its Morton Collection, it is now embroiled in a second controversy involving its possession of remains of Black Philadelphians killed in the移动轰炸.

According to reports yesterday, April 21, in the local news outletsBillypenn.and thePhiladelphia Inquirer,1985年轰炸的受害者的遗体已经储存at the museum for decades, later to be moved back and forth between Penn and Princeton University.

十一people, including five children, were killed in a police airstrike against members of the Black liberation movement MOVE on May 13, 1985. Police attempted to expel members of the movement from a west Philadelphia building with water cannons, tear gas, and live ammunition. After an armed standoff, a police helicopter dropped two bombs on the building. The Philadelphia Fire Departmentallowed the fire to spread to others buildings, subsequently decimating more than 60 homes in the predominantly Black neighborhood.

此举轰炸继续投下了长长的阴影n Philadelphia’s relationship with its Black residents. Last November, the city正式道歉for the “immeasurable and enduring harm” caused by the bombing. A resolution by the city council acknowledged the “fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of the MOVE Bombing,” and declared the anniversary of the attack as “a day of observation, reflection and recommitment.”

宾馆博物馆(Wikimedia Commons)

未能结束爆炸轰炸的一个受害者的遗体后,1985年举行费城特别调查委员会邀请Alan Mann,当时宾夕法尼亚州人类学教授和策划者在宾馆博物馆的物理人类学部分进行检查。从那以后,曼恩一直试图确定两块骨折是否属于树的非洲,在轰炸中的14岁时被杀。

“Because of the inconclusive evidence, the Philadelphia Medical Examiner’s office transferred the remains to the custody of Dr. Mann for continued analysis in the hopes of achieving a positive identification,” a spokesperson for the Penn Museum told Hyperallergic in an email. “When he was appointed as a professor of anthropology at Princeton University in 2001, the remains were relocated there.”

According toBillypenn.’s report如果他们被转移到普林斯顿大学之前,遗骸仍然保存在宾馆博物馆的纸箱。然而,博物馆声称遗体“在整个过程中尊重。”(普林斯顿没有回应过度高效的评论请求。)金博宝188

In 2016, the remains were returned to the Penn Museum to be examined with a new technology that became available at its lab. “The Museum’s lab Keeper and Associate Curator of the Physical Anthropology Section Dr. Janet Monge led continued investigations to confirm the person’s identity from 2016 to 2019,” the museum’s spokesperson confirmed.

在此期间,Monge在网站上使用普林斯顿大学提供的教学视频中的遗体Coursera. Monge’s class is titled “Real Bones: Adventures in Forensic Anthropology.” Monge presented the remains as a case study in restoring “personhood.”

Janet Monge, a curator at Penn Museum, showing bones of a victim of the 1985 MOVE bombing in an instructional video (courtesyCoursera)

在过去五年举行的博物馆后,遗骸于4月17日星期六突然返回曼恩,由博物馆的新董事,克里斯托弗林。根据这一点Philadelphia Inquirer, Woods made the decision after hearing renewed concerns about the remains. “We will be reassessing our practices of collecting, stewarding, displaying, and researching human remains,” the museum added.

“The remains have been returned and entrusted to the care of Dr. Alan Mann,” the spokesperson confirmed to Hyperallergic. Mann could not be reached for comment.

博物馆表示,遗体尚未积极确定,补充说,“法医人类学家要求家庭允许进行DNA分析以确认部分遗骸的身份,但无法继续。”

Mike Africa Jr., a current member of MOVE whose family members died in the 1985 bombing, told BillyPenn: “They were bombed, and burned alive … and now you wanna keep their bones.”

In an opinion piece for the询问者, Abdul-Aliy Muhammad, the co-founder of the nonprofit Black & Brown Workers Co-op, demanded an apology from the museum and restitution for the MOVE family.

“The state violence against Black Philadelphians represented by the MOVE bombing, which City Council apologized for last November, overlaps with the violence of academic institutions keeping the remains of Black people rather than relinquishing those remains for burial,” Muhammad wrote.

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Hakim Bishara.

Hakim Bishara是一个过度高效的员工作家。金博宝188他也是Soloway Gallery的共同董事,这是布鲁克林的艺术家运行空间。Bishara是2019年Andy Warhol Foundation和Creative Capital的收件人......

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